What are Rubrics?
Rubrics are scoring tools used to assess a student’s response, or performance, based on a clearly defined set of criteria. Rubrics include criteria, levels of performance and descriptors. Often rubrics include exemplars, or examples that can be used as a model. Rubrics allow students to know the criteria they have to meet and what would need to be done to move to the next level.
Rubrics are designed to provide clear expectations and useful feedback, while making scoring as consistent and accurate as possible.
How are Rubrics Used on Milestones?
According to GaDOE, rubrics used on the Georgia Milestones English Language Arts assessments for each grade level and course. These include the four-point holistic rubric used to evaluate narrative writing and the seven-point, two-trait rubric used to evaluate ideas and conventions in informational/explanatory and opinion/argumentative essay writing. GaDOE also publishes these rubrics so teachers and students can use a clearly defined set of criteria throughout the year.
Hand Scored by Trained Raters
Just like Milestones, Lennections Assesslets provide professional hand scoring by trained Raters for each Constructed-Response (CR) and Extended Response (ER) item. Raters are trained to score each grade-level Assesslet based on the scoring rubric. To ensure accuracy, scoring supervisors review a sample of all responses assigned scored by evaluators. A scoring platform is used that provides scoring supervisors a variety of tools to monitor scoring and maintain scoring accuracy. The scoring rubrics are intended to guide teachers as they interpret student responses and scores. All CR and ER items are scored within 6 business days after an administration window has closed. Individual student results are released as soon as the scoring process has been completed.
Each constructed- and extended-response item includes a rubric and an exemplar. An exemplar contains a sample of an ideal response, indicative of the highest score point designation. While an exemplar may represent an ideal response, student responses that are not identical to the exemplar may still achieve the highest score point.
Rater feedback is included for the constructed- and extended-response items and serves as additional feedback for a student’s assigned score on an Assesslet item that is beneficial to students, teachers, and administrators. Rater feedback moves beyond the numerical score by offering insight into why a response was assigned a score. This can give teachers the information needed to connect a student’s individual response to an overall score and provide additional guidance for students. Evaluator feedback provides perspective on how students might revise and therefore improve their responses. Further, students who receive the same evaluator feedback might be grouped together, and the teacher might provide a brief mini lesson that elaborates on this common evaluator feedback. Teachers might also decide to provide focused, more tailored feedback on their individual students’ responses. If students follow through on the guidance provided, their responses can improve.